Friends of Padre Steve’s World,
It’s not Labor Day, but it might as well be. It is time to speak up for workers. For decades organized labor has been demonized by the descendants of people who died to secure decent working conditions, wages, and benefits for regular hard working people. However, most of us, living in our own work or social media cocoons don’t realize this is going on until it hits people we know personally. I wrote about that in my last post.
The attacks on labor and workers have become much more pronounced under the Trump Administration than any prior administration since that of Herbert Hoover. But must of us who don’t work in big corporations, in the service industry, or in other fields where they have no employment protections and are victimized by CEOs, COOs, and the hedge funds that scoop up businesses and then sacrifice them for profit.
One can look at every economic depression or recession since Capitalism can be traced to the overreach of those who can make a profit out of scamming investors and victimizing workers, using the police power of government if needed. Sadly, the Trump Administration is the worst at doing this since the administration of President Herbert Hoover, who did nothing to help failing business, or unemployed, yet highly skilled workers during the Great Depression, and then ordered the Army, under Douglas MacArthur to attack veterans protesting to get their promised pensions from the First World War. Likewise, Hoover’s praise for the Italian dictator Mussolini was condemned by Marine Major General Smedley Butler, with the result that Hoover attempted to have the great Marine prosecuted and tried by Court Martial, the charges were dismissed, but Butler was denied the chance to become Commandant of the Marine Corps, and forced to retire.
Butler would later write the classic War is a Racket which serves as a reminder of how little many supposedly patriotic business leaders and politicians, would so easily defraud their country and at the same time abandon their employees and the soldiers who they claimed to support. Though not a union member, I marched in support of SEIU employees at Cabell-Huntington Hospital in the fall of 1998, and I have consistently spoken about the way workers have been denied collective bargaining, and been defined as “Human Resources” as if they were no better than any other “resource”.
They are considered fungible assets, easily disposed of when their corporation overreaches and places itself in immense debt. I saw that this week when Craftworks Holdings closed our version of Cheers with no notice, and scant severance for non-managerial employees.
So tonight I finish up with an old article about the struggle for workers and their rights.
Abraham Lincoln, who was perhaps our only President who was a real working man once said, “If any man tells you he loves America, yet hates labor, he is a liar. If any man tells you he trusts America, yet fears labor, he is a fool.”
It seems that nothing about humanity ever changes, even so it is hard to believe that at one time American workers had no rights and I am not talking about African American slaves who as slaves didn’t even count as human beings. No I’m talking about the people Mel Brooks called in Blazing Saddles: “the white God fearing citizens of Rock Ridge” and for that matter every place and every race in America.
It was not until the mid-1800s in the United States and Europe that workers began to organize and protest for the right to decent wages and working conditions. But this came at a cost; the loss of jobs, homes, property, prison, deportation, deportation, and death.
There were many instances when this cost workers and labor organizers their lives. Employers, often backed by heavily armed private security contractors like the Pinkerton Agency, used deadly force to break up peaceful strikes. In the days of the Robber Barons, when business ran the government at almost every level, employers frequently called in local and state law enforcement, as well as the National Guard, and occasionally Federal troops to break strikes. They played various ethnic and racial groups off of each in order to divide the labor movement. There are hundreds of instances of such violence being used against workers, in some strikes the dead numbered in the hundreds.
Troops Putting Down the Pullman Strike
Some of these attacks on workers occurred in major cities, others at isolated work sites and factories. Some are famous, the Haymarket Massacre of May 4th 1886 in Chicago, the Pullman Strike Massacre of 1894, the Homestead Strike and Massacre of 1892, the Latimer Massacre of 1897, the Ludlow Massacre of 1914, and the Columbine Mine Massacre of 1927.
Others less so, but there was more. In the Bisbee Deportation of 1917 1300 striking miners and their families were deported from their homes in Bisbee Arizona by 2000 armed deputies, put in box cars and transported 200 miles to the New Mexico desert, where without food, water or money they were left. There was the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire where managers locked the doors in order to ensure that the fleeing women workers did not put anything unauthorized in their purses. One hundred forty-four workers, mostly young women died, many jumping from the burning building to their death.
Police and other Onlookers Looking up at the burning Triangle Shirt Factory with the bodies of Women Workers who jumped from it at Their Feet
Early labor organizations such as the Knights of Labor led the effort to bring about better conditions. For doing so they were labeled subversive and even called communists. Their meetings were often attacked and the leaders jailed and some lynched.
The sacrifices of those early workers, and organizers are why we have Labor Day. One of the early American labor leaders was a man named Eugene Debs. Debs eventually became a Socialist, but he said something remarkable which still is as timely as when he uttered the words:
“I am opposing a social order in which it is possible for one man who does absolutely nothing that is useful to amass a fortune of hundreds of millions of dollars, while millions of men and women who work all the days of their lives secure barely enough for a wretched existence.”
I wish that wasn’t true but it is. The Social Darwinists who follow Ayn Rand as if she were the Prophet and who populate Wall Street boardrooms and every major school of business ensure that it is. The disparity between wage laborers and CEOs is higher than it has ever been. But I digress…
On September 5th 1882 the first Labor Day was observed when members of several Unions in New York City organized the first Labor Day parade. The police came armed and ready to intervene if the workers got out of hand, but the parade was peaceful. It ended and the marchers moved over to Wendell’s Elm Park where they had a party. Twenty-five thousand Union men and their families celebrated, with hundreds of kegs of lager beer.
Within a few years many states began to institute Labor days of their own. In 1894, just days after the violent end of the Pullman strike in which Federal troops and Marshalls killed 30 workers and wounded 57 more, Congress and President Grover Cleveland rushed through legislation to establish a Federal Labor Day.
My Great Aunt Goldie Dundas was a labor organizer for the International Ladies Garment Worker’s Union in West Virginia in the 1920s – 1950s. I wish I had gotten to really know her, but she died when I was about 8 or 9 years old. Sadly the workers represented by that Union have had almost all of their jobs in the textile industry outsourced to China, India, Pakistan, the Caribbean, and Bangladesh where cheaply made garments are produced, and workers abused. The examples of mass deaths due to safety issues and fires in Bangladeshi factories are too numerous to list. But then who cares? The fact is you can drive through many parts of the South and see the poverty created by the exodus of these Union employers, the textile industry, which was part of the fabric of the South is gone. Empty factories and poverty stricken towns dot the countryside. I saw a lot of them living in Eastern North Carolina, towns that once thrived are ghost towns, riddled with crime, unemployment and no hope, unless Wal-Mart opens a store in town. Ironically it sells the clothing made overseas that used to be manufactured by the parents, grandparents and great-grandparents of the people who live there today.
Adam Smith, the father of Capitalism understood it in a very different manner than those who claim to be Capitalists today, especially those who inhabit the Trump Administration. He wrote in his magnum opus, The Wealth of All Nations:
“In regards to the price of commodities, the rise of wages operates as simple interest does, the rise of profit operates like compound interest. Our merchants and masters complain much of the bad effects of high wages in raising the price and lessening the sale of goods. They say nothing concerning the bad effects of high profits. They are silent with regard to the pernicious effects of their own gains. They complain only of those of other people.”
The fact is that today, labor is under threat. Unions have been demonized by politicians and pundits and their power and influence much reduced. Some of this was due to their own success in improving conditions from workers, and not just Union workers. When my dad retired from the Navy in 1974, he went to work at one of the few non-Union warehouses of the John Deere Company in Stockton, California. While they were not union, the workers received every benefit won by the majority of the workers in the company who were members of the United Auto Workers Union. Due to that my dad had high wages, excellent working conditions and benefits. The company had a program for the children of workers, which allowed them to work in the summer in the warehouse and receive incredibly high pay and benefits while in college. I did that for two years, and it helped pay for much of my college. I was not a union member but I benefited because Union men and leaders did the hard work to make that job happen.
However, in many places, Unions and labor are under attack, sometimes not just by corporations, but also by state governments, and now the Federal Government. Job security and stability for most American workers is a thing of the past. Federal and State agencies charged with protecting those rights, including safety in the workplace are being cut in the mad rush to reduce government power. Corporations are offshoring and outsourcing jobs without regard to American workers or the country itself. Part of that is due to globalization and I understand that, but these companies frequently relocate jobs to places where they can exploit workers, deny them benefits, pay them less, and suffer no penalty for ignoring safety procedures or harming the environment. It seems to me that we are returning to the days of the Robber Barons. I wonder when violence against workers and those who support them will be condoned or simply ignored.
Pope Leo XIII wrote in his encyclical Renum Novarum:
“The following duties . . . concern rich men and employers: Workers are not to be treated as slaves; justice demands that the dignity of human personality be respected in them, … gainful occupations are not a mark of shame to man, but rather of respect, as they provide him with an honorable means of supporting life. It is shameful and inhuman, however, to use men as things for gain and to put no more value on them than what they are worth in muscle and energy.”
He also wrote:
“Equity therefore commands that public authority show proper concern for the worker so that from what he contributes to the common good he may receive what will enable him, housed, clothed, and secure, to live his life without hardship. Whence, it follows that all those measures ought to be favored which seem in any way capable of benefiting the condition of workers. Such solicitude is so far from injuring anyone, that it is destined rather to benefit all, because it is of absolute interest to the State that those citizens should not be miserable in every respect from whom such necessary goods proceed.”
But sadly there are far too few church leaders of any denomination who will take the side of workers or the poor, and when they do they are either condemned by the disciples of Ayn Rand or politely thanked and ignored by politicians and corporate leaders.
So please, when you celebrate Labor Day, do not forget that it is important, and that we should not forget why we celebrate it. If we forget that, it will become a meaningless holiday and our children may have to make the same sacrifices of our ancestors.
Labor Day is a day to remember the men and women, some of them former soldiers, workers, labor organizers, and leaders; some of whom were killed by National Guard and Federal troops for their effort, who paved the way for workers today. We cannot forget that. So when you see a politician attacking Labor and seeking to diminish workers rights or benefits ask them what Abraham Lincoln or Adam Smith would think. If they can’t answer, turn your backs on them and start fighting for what is right.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who always stood for the rights of workers no-matter what their race, creed, or color, said:
“We must rapidly begin the shift from a “thing-oriented” society to a “person-oriented” society. When machines and computers, profit motives and property rights are considered more important than people, the giant triplets of racism, materialism, and militarism are incapable of being conquered.”
Likewise, one cannot forget that Dr. King was assassinated when he went to Memphis to support the Memphis Sanitation Worker strike.
This my friends is why Labor and the protection of working people from those who abase them, mistreat them, and exploit them for profit is so important. What passes for Capitalism today is a cruel form Social Darwinism that Adam Smith wouldn’t recognize. It is slavery without chains, called Right to Work which destroys families by making both parents work just to keep afloat, and in ways that separate them from their children. Racial and ethnic minorities pay a higher price than white suburbia, as do poor whites in the South, Midwest, and Appalachia, the latter who due to conservative regions beliefs, and racism, support by electing people bent on killing their jobs, economic, and educational prospects.
The fact is my friends is the truth. It’s an incredibly uncomfortable subject to discuss, but if we have a choice. We can join the perpetrators and use people to advance our own interests; we can be victims, or worse, we can be bystanders, who turn our backs and allow such evils to continue.
7 responses to “They are silent with regard to the pernicious effects of their own gains. They complain only of those of other people.” The War Against Workers and a Capitalism that Adam Smith wouldn’t Recognize”
I wonder if they teach this in schools Padre… or if this would be allowed to be taught…
They don’t anymore, not since the 1960s and early 1970s, except at college and university level.
So if you did not go to college or university you have no knowledge of that… that explains lots of things Padre. Furthermore history courses are not what are sought after even at these levels.
I know, cutbacks everywhere, history, the humanities, social sciences, all being shunted aside for STEM.
I have read your previous post also but did not comment. I agree with you that ordinary working people mean nothing to big corporations.
Your post was a tribute to these hard working people and an eulogy to the friendship that had evolved between employees and clients.
The endemic problem of lucre is as old as People. I’m not going to assert that the “want of money is the root of all evil”, but I will agree that it is almost always in the mix.
The core issue with Capitalism is that it risks three fundamental threats to any form of inclusive governance—such as our Republic, or a more Democratic variant like the Federal Republic of Germany or the Fourth Republic of France—and that obviating these requires the government to act against all three of these forces.
THE FIRST, and most important, is the inarguable ideal that humans are humans. How they appear, how they believe, how their culture manifests, are not indicative of superiority or inferiority.
In the second half of the 20th Century, the “American Dream” ceased to be Freedom and became material—a House, a Car, and a series of consumer goods defining how fulfilled that Dream was; becoming a “millionaire” from being poor was consistently put forward as the penultimate American Dream. But Freedom meant Liberty to the men and women who Founded this nation. They said so quite plainly. Tyranny was the most Wicked of the evils of the Old World that would not be allowed to take hold in the New.
THE SECOND, and more controversial, is the ideal of inherited wealth. To those who have exploited the gain of others through the use of money—which they call Capital, and which becomes the **only** definition of Capital.
To those who amass great wealth, their “labours” entitled them to pass their “gains” on to their heirs. Leaving their “fortune” or wealth to their children is no different than leaving a family business; this had more resonance, though not more sense, back when their actually **were** family businesses. Thus their children and grandchildren inherit their wealth, and it is impossible to pass down wealth and not establish a Class system based purely on the accumulation of money.
Again, the Founders understood this to be pernicious. In fact, they considered it to be the single greatest threat to their new Republic, because it had “ruined” the mother country. Washington, Jefferson, and the other early Founders tried to lead by example; they divested the overwhelming majority of their wealth upon their own death—including the freeing of their slaves and the dedication of their property to the nation they founded. To imagine any billionaire today doing as the early Founders did—for the sake of the Republic—is impossible. While the Rich argue otherwise, the facts show that the Founders were correct.
THE THIRD is the most dangerous. A **true** opioid epidemic is created, based upon the entirely false assertion that “anyone” can become a member of the Wealthy Class, simply by “hard work”. The absurdity of this premise is accepted by those who have the most to loose by believing it. People who are on the precipice of poverty still ant to identify themselves as “Middle Class”, because the definition of “Middle Class” is having a job, making the definition of Poverty being unemployed. When one tries to explain that, in economic fact, their condition is that of the Working Class—always on the edge of poverty—they become offended. They have been lulled into the foolhardy belief that their values and quality of life are shared by the Wealthy. Only when the recklessness of the Wealthy Class goes unchecked and leads to its inevitable economic and human disaster—as in 2008, or 1974, &c—do those who are toppled into the abyss grasp that there are no bonds between them and those who Have All.
Their delusional belief in materiel success as being a condition-free possibility for anyone who “works” is contrary to their own vital interests. Yet because the USA of the post-WWII era has become so focused on the delivery of this opioid—through mass media, through less sensational media, through government propaganda, and through a willingness to disbelieve the very conditions in which most people live—we have become identified with it to the extent it has become an American Myth; a reductive retelling of an important cultural value which while absurd on its face, nevertheless carries in it core beliefs about the human condition.
A free Republic must regulate and monitor Capital, if it is to employ a Capitalist economic model AND remain a free Republic. That used to be a core value of the GOP—along with the very sensible proposition that simply amassing regulations is not Regulating anything. Regulations have to strive for balance, which is only achieved by compromise, which only works when the people involved in reaching it actually understand what the stakes are for the Republic—not themselves or their Party, those are usually all too obvious—and what the issues involved actually mean.
Until and unless we return to rigorously reviewed and enforced Regulation—we must have both—we will remain at the mercy of those who have no idea of our struggles and our apprehensions where we exist from paycheck to paycheck. Yet so many of us imagine that making the wealthy pay taxes on their INCOME (not their wealth as it stands), is somehow “wrong”. And we fear to do so, less suddenly we “hit the jackpot” and become Wealthy (as if that were possible).
The basis of American Capitalism is that labour has no value without Capital to “energise” it. That ideal must be eradicated. The ideal that the possession of inherited money makes one entitled to the lion’s share of gains in any endeavour is unsustainable—as ought to be obvious, but clearly is not. The contribution of Capital—from individuals or the State—is indeed essential to the modern production and propagation of invention and ideas. But it is no more so than having the idea or creating the invention. And with so much wealth inherited, there is a string argument to be made that it is less so; much less so.